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Common Rainy Season Diseases and Its Prevention

Waterborne diseases

An acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. People who eat food or drink water contaminated by this bacteria have a high chance of getting infected.

Signs include:

How to prevent?

A World Health Organization (WHO) pre-qualified oral cholera vaccine is available for travelers and people in endemic areas. It is given in 2 doses and offers protection for years.

Hepatitis A

It is a virus that may be transferred from one person to another through the ingestion of food contaminated with human waste and urine of those who are already sick of Hepatitis A.

Signs include:

How to prevent?

The disease is self-limiting and may last for 1 to 2 weeks. Patient often recovers even without treatment.

An infectious disease, also known as enteric fever or just typhoid, that spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who is infected.

Signs include:

How to prevent?

A viral infection that attacks the respiratory system. It is transmitted through contact with a person who coughs or sneezes, or with surfaces, material and clothing contaminated with the discharges of an infected person.

Young children, the elderly, pregnant women, and people who have weakened immune system are at risk to this disease.

Signs include:

How to prevent?

A bacterial infection transmitted when urine and feces of infected animals such as rodents, contaminate the soil, water, and vegetation.

A person may get leptospirosis by ingesting contaminated food or water, when broken skin and open wounds, or when eyes, nose, sinuses and mouth come in contact with contaminated water (usually flood water) or soil. Incubation period of bacteria is 7-10 days.

Signs include:

For severe cases (liver/brain involvement or kidney failure)

How to prevent?

A disease common in tropical and sub-tropical countries in the world like the Philippines, Dengue is transmitted through the bite of an Aedes mosquito,according to WHO. Dengue fever is potentially fatal and mainly affects children. 

Here are 6 ways to prevent dengue, according to DOH:

    1. Cover water drums and water pails at all times to prevent mosquitoes from breeding
    2. Replace water in flower vases once a week
    3. Clean all water containers once a week. Scrub the sides well to remove eggs of mosquitoes sticking to the sides
    4. Clean gutters of leaves and debris so that rainwater will not collect as breeding places of mosquitoes
    5. Puncture or cut old tires used as roof support to avoid accumulation of water
    6. Collect and dispose all unusable tin cans, jars, bottles, and other items that can collect and hold water.
 

 

 
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